The Goodwins of Botetourt and Tazewell Counties, Virginia; V. 6, No. 2, Supplement, 1897
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Appendix H: The Goodwins of Botetourt and Tazewell Counties, Virginia
William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Magazine, Vol. 6, No. 2,
Supplement (Oct., 1897), pp. 91-99.
APPENDIX H.
THE GOODWINS OF BOTETOURT AND TAZEWELL COUNTIES, VIRGINIA.
It is possible that the name of the earliest given ancestor may not be
JOHN as stated, and it is suggested that the list of children may not be
complete, and that Daniel, the ancestor mentioned in Appendix J, may have been
another son. Daniel lived in Botetourt county, and his son John resided in
Tazewell county. Thomas, the son of Micajah, resided in Tazewell county
before his marriage and removed to Botetourt county.
Granting that John is the correct name, these facts appear: Thomas, second
son of Micajah, was born in 1775; and we can approximate the birth of Micajah
as 1740-'50, and that of his father John about 1710-'15. The only John of
about that date appears to be the John Goodwin who married Jane, and had
Robert in 1732, and Jane in 1735. This John was a brother to George Goodwin
and, if our surmise is correct, had a son George. The names (Daniel, suggested
as a son of this John, named a son
Page 92.
John) and dates harmonize with these suggestions. George and John Goodwin are
sons of John and Mary (Elliott) Goodwin, supposed to be son of Robert, eldest
son of Major James Goodwin. This line is, therefore, presented for con-
sideration; the doubtful links in italics. See also Appendix Y.
[Transcription note: The names referred to above as being in italics,
will be referenced by quotation marks.
MAJOR JAMES GOODWIN1.
Eldest son, Robert2 married Anne ------.
ROBERT GOODWIN2 (James) married Anne ------.
Children:
i. Martin3, died "sine prole".
ii. "Robert3".
iii. "John3", married Mary Elliott.
"John Goodwin3" ("Robert", James), married in 1705 to Mary Elliott.
Children:
i. George4, married, first, Jane Hazelwood; second, Elizabeth Warwick.
ii. John4, married Jane -------.
JOHN GOODWIN4 (John, "Robert", James), married Jane -------.
Children:
i. Robert5, born December 30, 1732-'33.
ii. Jane5, born February 27, 1735.
iii. "Daniel5".
iv. "Micajah5".
v. "John5".
vi. "Richard5".
vii. "George5".
viii. "Nelson5".
Perhaps this John4 and the following John4 was the same man.
"John Goodwin4" was born in Virginia; was married and resided in that State.
The name of the father and the list of children is given on the authority of
Miss Emily Virginia Goodwin, of Louisville, Ky., (granddaughter of Micajah
and of John). Children: i. Micajah, married Elizabeth Buford; ii. John,
married Mary Johnston, iii. Richard (see Appendix X); iv. George, see Appendix
I; v. Nelson.
"Micajah Goodwin" (John) was born in Virgnia; was married in Amherst county,
Va., to Elizabeth Buford, who was born in Amherst county. Micajah and Richard
Goodwin, of Nelson, now Amherst county, were ordered into service in 1781,
under John Pope, to join the army commanded by General LaFayette. (Copied
from an old muster roll in Hardesty's Enccyclopoedia). Children:
Page 93.
i. Cornelius, married Hannah Paxton; ii. Thomas, born 1775, married Martha
Reed; iii. James, probably died unmarried*; iv. Virginia, died unmarried;
v. Daughter, married Mitchell; vi. John Lipscomb Lynch, born 1793, married
Mary E. Goodwin; vii. Daughter, married White.
"Cornelius Goodwin" (Micajah, John) was born in 1803 in Virginia; was
married November 7, 1839 in Woodford county, Ky., to Lucy Woolfork Gibson, who
was born August 8, 1816, in Woodford county, Ky., a daughter of William and
Frances (Samuel) Gibson. James E. Goodwin was a farmer, a Democrat, and a
Presbyterian. His wife died in 1851. He died in Woodford county in 1875.
He had a gourd, carried by his grandfather Micajah through the Revolutionary
War. It had name, date, and purpose cut on it. Mr. Goodwin presented it to
the public library in Louisville, but it seems to have been stolen. Children:
i. Fannie, born January 25, 1842, married B. W. Thompson, and resides in
Versailles, Ky.; ii. Mary Hannah, born August 20, 1844; iii. Anne Belle, born
1846; iv. William, born 1851.
"Thomas Goodwin" (Micajah, John) was born in 1775 in Virginia; was married
in 1803 to Martha Reed. By occupation he was a farmer, and in religion a
Methodist. They resided near Saltpetre Cave postoffice, Botetourt county.
Thomas Goodwin died about 1830, and his wife shortly thereafter. He is said
to have lived in Tazewell county before his marriage. Children: i. John, born
1805, married Ellen Ritchie; ii. Mary, born 1818, married Edward Barry.
"John Goodwin (Thomas, Micajah, John) was born in 1805, in Botetourt county;
was married in 1826, in Botetourt county, to Ellen Ritchie, who was born in
1804, in Botetourt county, a daughter of Robert and Isabella (Ripley) Ritchie.
By occupation he was a farmer, in politics a Republican, and in religion a
Methodist. They resided near Saltpetre Cave postoffice, where John
_____________________________________________________________________________
*James Goodwin had a bounty claim or land warrant for one hundred and sixty
acres of land near Little Rock, Ark. After his death his brother, John L.L.,
placed it in the hands of a man to take to Washington, and neither man nor
claim was heard of afterward. The bounty was for services in some war,
probably 1812.
Page 94.
Goodwin died June 21, 1871. His wife died May 10, 1875. Before the late war
John Goodwin frequently corresponded with a Mr. Goodwin, a "cousin", who
resided in Georgia. This Georgia branch has not been identified, and all trace
seems lost for the present. See Appendix X. Children: i. Harriet; ii. Mary
T.; iii. Wilbur F., married Lucy C. Payne; iv. Etta B., resides at Saltpetre
Cave; unmarried.
"Wilbur F. Goodwin" (John, Thomas, Micajah, John) was born June 15, 1844, in
Botetourt county; was married in 1868 in Botetourt county, by Rev. Andrew Hart,
to Lucy C. Payne, who was born in 1842 in Alleghany county, Va., a daughter of
Charles and Frances (Pitzer) Payne. By occupation he was a farmer, in politics
a Democrat. They resided near Saltpetre Cave postoffice, Va. Children: i.
Carrie B., born November, 1869; ii. Mary W., born May, 1876; iii. Wilbur P.,
born December, 1878; Ellen F., born April, 1881.
"Mary Goodwin" (Thomas, Micajah, John) was born 1818 in Botetourt county;
was married in Botetourt county to Edward Barry. Thomas G. Barry, 553 North
Meridian street, Indianapolis, Ind., is a son. No response.
"John Lipscomb Lynch Goodwin" (Micajah, John) was born in 1793, in Amherst
county; was married, first, in Amherst county, to Mary E. Goodwin, a daughter
of John and Mary (Johnston) Goodwin. He was married, second, to Martha Crews.
He resided in Amherst county, where he died January 5, 1857. (Called John
Lewis Goodwin by his son Dr. Edward). Children by first wife: i. Gustavus
Adolphus, unmarried; ii. James Edwin; iii. Thomas, died young; iv. Edward
Johnston, born December 30, 1829, married first, Sarah Barnett; second Hester
L. Wills; third, -----; v. Samuel Boyle, married Helen Sexton; vi. Mary
Elizabeth, married George A. Harvey; vii. Emily Virginia, resides in Louisville,
Ky.; unmarried. Child by second wife: viii. William Lewis.
"Dr. Edward Johnston Goodwin" (John Lipscomb Lynch, Micajah, John) was born
December 30, 1828, in Amherst, Va.; was married first, October, 1854, at
Alleghany Springs, Va., to Sarah Barnett, a daughter of Joseph Barnett. Sarah
(Barnett) Goodwin died in 1866. Dr. Goodwin was married, second, to Hester L.
Wills, and third, to -------. He resides in Solitude, Posey county, Ind. He
is a physician and mathematician. Children by first wife: i. Viola Minnesota,
married Ezra Stevens; ii. John Breckenridge, iii. Ovello Manassa, married
Clifford Thompson.
Page 95.
INDIANA'S SQUARED CIRCLE
All about the Method Formally Approved in the Legislature. It Substitutes the
Radio 3.2 for the Time-Honored 3.1416 - but Prudent People will be
Likely to Stick to the Old Figures.
[From the Inidanpolis Journal.]
Offician recognition by one branch of the Indiana Leguslature has been
given Dr. Edward Johnston Goodwin for solving three geometrical problems which
have puzzled the brains of mathematicians since the erection of the pyramids
of Egypt, and which the French Academy of Science, in 1775, and the Royal
Society of Great Britain, in 1776, both declared impossible of solution. The
first and most important of these problems is what has been popularly termed
for centuries the squaring of the circle, or, in science, the quadrature of the
circle. The other two problems solved by Dr. Goodwin are known in mathematics
as trisection of the angle and the duplication of the cube.
The solution of these problems is a matter of little interest to the average
citizen, but to science the worth of these solutions cannot be estimated in
money. To the development of astronomical science their value is incalculable.
The mystery surrounding the supposed impossibility of these problems has ever
inspired both cranks and mathematicians to unceasing toil in their search for
the correct formulas. Squaring the circle has been a chimera as vague as
perpetual motion, and it was because of the worry and waste of time in examining
the many alleged solutions presented by would-be discoverers of the key to
squaring the circle that the French and English societies, over a hundred years
ago, decided that the problem was impossible, and refused to consider the sub-
ject further. The action was supposed to settle for all time the fact that the
decimal 3.1416 (Pi), multiplied by the diameter of a circle, would give the
circumference. It was always known that this decimal was not the correct
multiple, but it was taken so nearly accurate that it would serve for all
purposes, and the mathematicians let it go at that.
Dr. Goodwin discovered the formula for squaring the circle eight years ago,
but not until the World's Fair did he make any effort to get his discovery be-
fore the world. He secured space in the Liberal Arts building for hanging his
charts, and intended to be present and make his demonstration to those visiting
the educational exhibit, but Selim H. Peabody, chief of the department, after
granting the space, revoked his permit, and advised the author to present his
solution to the mathematical journals. Dr. Goodwin then sent his solution to
the American Mathematical Journal, the highest authority in this country, and
the editor instantly accepted it and printed it in the September number, 1893,
while the World's Fair was in progress. It attracted the attention of mathe-
maticians the world over, the scientific journals at Paris at once communicating
with the author for original contributions to their papers.
Dr. Goodwin has his formulas and laws derived from them copyrightes in the
United States and in seven countries of Europe - England, Germany, Belgium,
France, Austria, Italy, and Spain. During his visit to Washington he won the
support of the professors at the National Astronomical Observatory, at the
head of which is the celebrated Professor Hall, whose fame is secure with the
discovery of the moons of Mars. Dr. Goodwin's demonstration was accepted by
all at the observatory. The venerable author
Page 96.
has a deskful of letters from mathematicians at the leading colleges in America,
and better than all, a letter from his agent in London showing that his demon-
stration was presented to both Huxley and Tyndall, and endorsed by them before
it was copyrighted.
The man who has thus shown the errors in the text-books from Euclid's time to
Loomis is a native of Virginia, where he was born near Lynchburg, December 30,
1828. A wealthy aunt sent him to school, and furnished the funds for a course
at the Philadelphia Medical College. For forty years he has been a practicing
physician in the vicinity of Solitude, Posey county, Ind., that densely rural
part of the State referred to by the humorists as Hooppole Township. He is a
most modest citizen, refusing all modern methods of advertising himself. He is
six feet tall and his frame is strong and elastic, and his massive, angular head
correctly suggests his rugged mathematical brain.
The laws for the quadrature of the circle discovered by Dr. Goodwin, which
are copyrighted, and which he permits the use of for the first time in any
newspaper, are as follows:
"To quadrate the circle is to find the side of a square whose perimeter equals
that of the given circle; rectification of the circle requires to find a right
line equal to the circumference of the given circle. The square on the line
equal to the arc of 90 degrees fulfils both of the said requirements.
"It is impossible to quadrate the circle by taking the diameter as the linear
unit, because the square root of the product of the diameter by the quadrant of
the circumference produces the side of a square which equals 9 when the quadrant
equals 8. It is not mathematically consistent that it should take the side of
a square whose perimeter equals that of a greater circle to measure the space
contained within the limits of a less circle. Were this true, it would require
a piece of tire iron eighteen feet to bind a wagon wheel sixteen feet in
circumference.
"This new measure of the circle has happily brought to life the ratio of the
chord and arc of 90 degrees, which is a 7:8, and also the ratio of the diagonal
and one side of a square, which is as 10:7. These two ratios show the numerical
relation of diameter to circumference to be as 1 1/4:4.
"Authorities will please note that while the finite ratio (1 1/4:4) represents
the area of the circle to be more than the orthodox ratio, yet the ratio (3.1416)
represents the area of a circle whose circumference equals 4 plus 2 per cent.
greater than the finite ratio 1 1/4:4, as will be seen by comparing the terms of
their respective proportions stated as follows: 1:3.20::1.25:4-1:3.1416::
1.1732:4.
"It will be observed that the product of the extremes is equal to the pro-
duct of the means in the first statement, while they fail to agree in the second
proportion. Furthermore, the square on a line equal to the arc of 90 degrees
shows very clearly that the ratio of the circle is the same in principle as that
of the square. For example, if we multiply the perimeter of a square (the sum
of its sides) by one-fourth of one side, the product equals the sum of two sides,
by one-half of one side which equals the square on one side. Again, the number
required to express the units of length in one-fourt of a right line is the
square root of the number representing the squares of the linear unit bounded
by it in the form of a square whose ratio is as 1:4.
Page 97.
"These properties of the ratio of the square apply to the circle without an
exception, as is further sustained by the following formula to express the
numerical measure of both circles and square: Let C represent the circumference
of a circle whose quadrant is unity, Q 1/2 the quadrant, and CQQ2 will apply
as the numerical measure of a circle and a square.
"The following facts may be set down as showing that the diameter is the
wrong factor to employ as the line on which to measure in squares the linear
unit. The square on the diamter is the mean proportional between the circle's
circumference and the square circumscribing it. The square of the quadrant of
the circumference is the mean proportional between the circle's inscribed square
and the square on the diameter as the linear unit. Therefore, the product of
the diamter by one side of the inscribed square produces a line that is greater
that the circle's circumference; that is to say, by taking the diameter as the
linear unit in computing the area of the square, we can make its area about
43 per cent. of the diagonal not represented four times in the square's perime-
ter. Another reason that the diameter should be discarded as the wrong factor
to employ as the linear unit is because it fails to work both ways, and, there-
fore, it not mathematically trustworthy.
"For instance, the circle whose circumference equals 32, the diameter is
10.1856 plus, according to the ratio 1:3.1416 plus, and the area is 81.4848
plus. The square root of 81.4848 plus is 9.0265 plus. Now, let us multiply
the diameter 10.1856 plus by the square root to see if the product equals 81.4848
plus, which it should do if the diameter is the proper lineal unit: 10.1856 by
9.0265 plus and multiplying the diameter, 10.1856 plus, by it, and repeating
the procedure often enough, the resultant will be the side of the square circum-
scribing the circle. The same result is obtained by employing the diagonal of
a square as the linear unit, instead of one side.
"The fact that the square on a line equal to the arc of 90 degrees fulfils
the requirements of both quadrature and rectification of the circle's circum-
ference leaves no margin to doubt the validity of the quadrant of the circum-
ference being the true factor to take as the linear unit in computing the area
of a circle.
"The above data show very clearly that when the circle's area is computed on
the diameter as the linear unit, it is one-fifth greater than the area of a
square of equal perimeter. This is because there is 25 per cent of the diameter
not represented four times in the circumference. Therefore, the area of a circle
is to the square on one-fourth of its circumference as the area of an equilateral
rectangle is to the square on one side.
"We are now able to get the true finite dimensions of a circle by the exact
ratio of 1 1/4:4, and have simply to divide the circumference by four and square
the quotient to complete the area. Thus this new truth in mathematical progress
carries us above and beyond the curious necessity of having to teach that the
finite is one with the infinite, or that to one finite there is a multiplicity
of infinites."
When the bill was recently introduced in the Indiana Legislature for the
purpose of recognizing Dr. Goodwin's solution, it was taken as a hugh joke by
Page 98.
Speaker Pettit, a graduate of Annapolis Naval Academy, and was referred to the
Committee on Swamp Lands. Two days later Dr. Goodwin had a hearing before State
Superintendent Geeting and the Educational Committee, who at once endorsed the
solution, called up the bill, and it passed the House under a suspension of the
rules, without a negative vote. Professors from Ann Arbor and Johns Hopkins
have seen the demonstration, and declared it perfect.
"Dr. Samuel Boyle Goodwin" (John Lipscomb Lynch, Micajah, John) was married,
1860, to Helen V. Sexton. By occupation he was a physician. They resided in
Rich Valley and Chatham Hill, Va. Dr. Samule Boyle Goodwin died December, 1861.
No children.
"Mary Elizabeth Goodwin" (John Lipscomb Lynch, Micajah, John) was born
December 30, 1828, in Amherst county; was married November 6, 1867, in Campbell
county, by Josiah Little, to George A. Harvey, a son of Richard and Katherine
(Bowers) Harvey. By occupation he was a farmer, in politics a Democrat. They
resided in Diuguid, Campbell county, Va. (Mt. Athos P.O.) Harvey children:
i. John William, born September 1, 1869, married Sue Moore; ii. Mary Jones,
born December 31, 1872.
"John Goodwin" (John) was born in Virginia; was married to Mary Johnston.
They resided in Pittsylvania county, Va., until after the death of Col. Philip
Johnston, brother to Mary (Johnston) Goodwin, from whom they received a large
estate. They resided thereafter in Amherst county, in which county Col. Johnston
had resided. John Goodwin is also called John H. Goodwin by a granddaughter.
Children: i. Frances, married Greenville Reynolds; ii. Nancy, married Charles
Raleigh; iii. Virginia, born 1800, married Hezekiah Jones; iv. John H., died
unmarried; v. Mary E., married John L. L. Goodwin; vi. Philip, died unmarried;
vii. Robert, married ------ Minton; vii. Susan, married, first, William Minton;
second Stephen Diuguid.
"Frances Goodwin" (John, John) was born in Pittsylvania county, Va.; was
married in Amherst county to Greenville Reynolds. By occupation he was a
farmer, and in religion a Methodist. They resided in Botetourt county, Va.
No children*.
"Nancy Goodwin" (John, John) was born in Pittsylvania county, Va.; was
married to Charles Raleigh. They resided in Amherst county, removing to
Arkansas, near Little Rock. Raleigh children: i. Fannie; ii. Permelia; iii.
Mary Jane; iv. John; v. Alderson; vi. Charles; vii. Robert.
______________________________________________________________________________
*Other statement is that Frances had children, and they and their children
reside in Botetourt county. No response.
Page 99.
"Virginia Goodwin" (John, John) was born in 1800 in Pittsylvania county, Va.;
was married in 1834 in Amherst county to Hezekiah Jones, who was born in 1795
in Nelson county, Va., a son of ---- and ---- (Lucas) Jones. By occupation he
was a farmer, in politics a Democrat and in religion a Baptist. They resided
in Nelson county, Va. No children.
"Mary E. Goodwin" (John, John) was born in Virginia; was married to John
Lipscomb Lynch Goodwin, who was born in 1793 in Amherst county, a son of Micajah
and Elizabeth (Buford) Goodwin. Goodwin children: i. Gustavus Adolphus,
unmarried; ii. James Edwin; iii. Thomas, died young; iv. Edward Johnston,
married firs, Sarah Barnett; second, Hester L. Wills; third, ------; v. Samuel
Boyle, married Helen V. Sexton; vi. Mary Elizabeth, married George A. Harvey;
vii. Emily Virginia, resides in Louisville, Ky., unmarried.
"Robert Goodwin" (John, John) was born in Pittsylvania county; was married
in Campbell county to Miss Minton. They resided in Campbell county, removing
to Tennessee. Child: i. Ann Elizabeth Minton*, born 1820, married William
Toney.
"Susan Goodwin" (John, John) was born in Pittsylvania county; was married
in Amherst county, to William Minton, who was born in Campbell county. She
married, second, Stephen Diuguid. They resided in Campbell county, Va. No
children.
___________________________________________________________________________
*She died in Nashville, leaving an only child, Marcus Breckenridge Toney,
who resides in Nashville.